Java has been called the ‘heart of Indonesia’ and is the political center of the archipelago and the most populated island in the world. It is mostly volcanic and has a spine of 38 volcanoes running from west to east, some of which are still active. This has produced fertile land and most of the landscape is covered by agriculture like rice fields.
The most famous volcanoes are towards the east where you have the alien landscape of the epic 10km wide Tenggar cauldera with Mount Bromo and two other peaks best visited at sunrise. Nearby is Ijen Plateau, which is Javanese for “lonely mountain”. This is a forested,alpine area great for trekking but also to visit the Kawah Ijen, the crater lake with the sulphurous blue lava.
Yogyakarta is the cultural centre of Java and is famous for its artistic traditions and is an excellent place to stay when visiting the archeological sites in the area. The ancient temples of Borobudur and Prambanan are both designated World Heritage Sites and a must-see for any traveler to Indonesia.